The Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum

In nursery, we follow the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) Curriculum Guidelines. 

The EYFS Curriculum is split into seven areas , three of which are designated “Prime Areas”, and which are described as “crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive.” 

The Prime Areas are:-

1. Communication and Language

  • Focuses on: developing the children’s Listening and Attention, Speaking, and Understanding.

2. Physical Development

  • Focuses on developing fine and gross motor skills, moving, and handling tools and equipment.  It also looks at factors which will contribute towards a healthy lifestyle – healthy eating, hygiene, toileting and self care and exercise.

3. Personal, Social and Emotional Development

  • Focuses on developing social skills – sharing and turntaking, dealing with conflicts and problems, self confidence, behaviour and looking after ourselves and each other.

Specific Areas

The remaining four areas are described as “Specific Areas”.  These are:

4. Literacy

5. Mathematics

6. Understanding the World

7. Expressive Arts and Design

Through these total seven areas, we plan, implement and evaluate a range of learning experiences.  There is provision for activities that cover all of these areas and most activities cover more than one area at a time.

Characteristics of Effective Learning

Learning through play is at the centre of the nursery curriculum; recognising children need to be active participants in their own learning, giving them opportunities to explore and find out and giving them ownership of their learning experiences is vital.

Children enjoy leading their own learning, making decisions about what they are going to do and how they are going to do it, and enjoying the results and successes.  The Early Years Curriculum talks about the characteristics of an effective learner and stresses the importance of having the right environment and opportunities available to them, to enable them to have a go, take a risk, try something new, or take their time to perfect a new skill and develop resilience, learning from making mistakes.

Useful Link!

Click on this link for a Parents’ Guide to the Early Years Curriculum, to find out more.


The Nursery staff observe the children as they undertake a range of planned and child initiated activities, and track and record their developmental progress.  This year we have started to use an App called "2 Build a Profile", on the Ipads.  This allows us to provide an annotated pictorial record  which is be emailed to  parents at regular intervals throughout the year.